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TRT - RADIO

History

Radio broadcasts in Turkey started at the same time as others around the world. The first test radios could be heard around the beginning of the 1920s. Turkey, which emerged victorious from the War of Independences, launched an intense effort to reach the level of contemporary civilization in the area of mass media as it did in all sectors.

First official broadcast and TTTAŞ Era

First serious work in the field commenced in 1925. A law was drafted to set up a big broadcasting station in Ankara along with a broadcast network around the country. Necessary additions were made to the broadcast stations set up in Ankara and Istanbul for purposes of communication; and they were transformed into use for radio broadcasts. These stations, with the power of five kW each, were among the most powerful in Europe. The Turkish Wireless Telephone Company, which was established to run these radios, brought to life the first radio studios in Istanbul and Ankara.
The first official radio broadcast was aired on 6 May 1927 at the top floor of the Grand Post Office in Sirkeci, Istanbul, which was transformed into a studio. The Istanbul and Ankara radios reached out to Turkish listeners, to a population of 13 million according to the first census carried out in 1927, with 2000 receivers.

State Radio Period

1936 marked the beginning of a new era in the history of Turkish radio broadcasts. The administration of the radios was transferred from the Turkish Wireless Telephone Company to the PTT due to the effects on the Company of the economic crisis that shook the world. This was followed by a transfer to the Public Media Directorate on 22 May 1940, and the transformation of the Public Media Directorate into the General Directorate for Tourism on 26 July 1943. This marked the start of the “state radio period” that would last until the establishment of the Turkish Radio and Television (TRT).
Following years witnessed social and political events that were significant for world history and Turkey: the Second World War, the establishment of the UN and NATO, the Korean War and the first political change in Turkey in the wake of the establishment of the Republic.
Radio broadcasting crossed a milestone while all this was taking place: radio receivers with transistors were produced and rapidly became widespread around the world.
In the meantime, the Istanbul Radio, which had put broadcasts on hold in 1938, was on air again in 1949, and the first radio was set up in Izmir by the Municipality. Adana, Antalya, Gaziantep, Kars and Van provincial radios were set up alongside those in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir in 1961. Turkish radio channels were temporarily linked to the Tourism and Information Ministry in 1963.

The TRT is established…

It became necessary for Turkish radio broadcasts to comply with social developments during the 1960s. There was a pressing need for a broadcasting agency that would function independently of governing units and departments, autonomous with its own budget and cadres, and which would gather all radios in Turkey under a single umbrella, and would start TV transmission as well. TRT filled the gap. The Turkish Radio & Television Corporation was established on 1 May 1964 with the article 359. Thus, a new period started in Turkey in the field of radio and television communications.
The renovation of technical infrastructure, restructuring of radio posts, establishment of regional radios and centralizing the planning of programs made the following years golden times for radio broadcasts in Turkey.

24 Hour Broadcasts

The TRT-1 Post was set up on 9 September 1974 and 24 hour non-stop joint-broadcasts took off with the participation of Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Erzurum, Diyarbakır, Antalya and Çukurova radios. Only four months later, on 1 January 1975, the TRT-2 and TRT-3 channels started joint-broadcasts. The Radio Directorate was set up with a restructuring in 1980.
The names of the other three radios were changed to RADIO 1, RADIO 2 and RADIO 3 following the establishment of RADIO 4 on 18 October 1987. These radios served for education, culture, western music and Turkish music respectively. TRT 3 started broadcasting on the FM band on 14 April 1978, and steps were taken towards stereo broadcasts on TRT radios on 1 October 1984. In the wake of the foundation of private radio channels after 1990, the TRT took yet a further step and set up the national radio channel called TRT FM (RADIO 4) to broadcast popular “western” music on 12 May 1993. RADIO 2, which had started broadcasting with the name RADIO NEWS on 13 September 1993, was dissolved on 1 November 1997.

TRT FM (RADIO 2) is born

The name TRT FM (RADIO 4) was changed to TRT FM (RADIO 2) with a board decision on 30 December 1997. This came to life on 1 January 1998. RADIO 4 started its broadcasts through Turkish music on 3 January 2000.
In parallel to “restructuring” efforts commenced in the institution in 1998, a redesigning of “the corporate identity” took place within the TRT radios in 2001. Thus, production and broadcast arrangements were made to emphasize education, culture and news on RADIO 1, popular music on RADIO 2 (TRT FM), western music on RADIO 3 and Turkish music on RADIO 4.

Regional broadcasts get stronger

The plan as of 29 January 2001 was to completely change the broadcasting format of the daytime broadcasts encompassing 07.30-19.00 on RADIO 1 to air all verbal programs. Regional radios started going on air all live programs depending on the needs and characteristics of their listeners between 06.00-18.00. These radios were linked to the RADIO 4 joint broadcast between 18.00-06.00.
While RADIO 1,2 (TRT FM), 3 and 4 are national posts that reach all corners of the country with both their amplitude and frequency modulated receivers, the Antalya, Çukurova, GAP-Diyarbakır, Erzurum and Trabzon radios air regional broadcasts in compliance with the likes and demands of listeners in their own regions.
TRT radios, which broadcast within the country, make their voice heard to Turkish citizens all around the world thanks to programs transmitted over satellites and the Internet. They strive to be the eyes, ears and voice of the country with four national and five regional radio stations, experienced cadres, choruses, children’s’ and youth clubs, rich archives, computer-supported broadcasts, studio equipment, receiver power and broadcasts that live up to contemporary broadcasting norms.

TRT Radios Indisputable Leader in National and Regional Broadcasts!

According to results of the “Turkish Radio Broadcasts Poll” that was caried out by the TRT and universities in 2008, RADIO 2 (TRT FM) has the most listeners in Turkey. RADIO 1 is among the first five radios with most listeners.
 

Regional Radios

TRT Turkish radios make their voice heard around the country today with five regional channels. The Antalya, Çukurova, Erzurum, GAP Diyarbakır and Trabzon regional radios air music dominated broadcasts and regional news that draw the interest of listeners in accordance with the socio-economic and cultural characteristics and needs of their broadcasting regions.

Antalya Regional Radio

It became a provincial radio with 2 kW on 27 June 1962 and a regional radio with a 100 kW receiver on 7 May 1967. It was linked to the RADIO 1 national network on 1 January 1975. Regional broadcasts started as of 1 January 1993. It’s been completely regional and live between 06.00-18.00 since 29 January 2001 and in joint broadcast with RADIO 4 between 18.00-06.00.
According to the December 2004 opinion poll results on the Antalya Regional Radio, the channel ranks fourth among radios with most listeners in the region, with 13.5 %.

Çukurova Regional Radio

It became the Adana provincial radio with 2 kW in April 1962, and continued broadcasting as Çukurova regional radio from Mersin. It was linked to the RADIO 1 national network on 1 January 1975. Regional broadcasts started as of 1 January 1993. It has been completely regional and live between 06.00-18.00 since 29 January 2001 and in joint broadcast with RADIO 4 between 18.00-06.00.
According to the October 2006 opinion poll results on the Çukurova Regional Radio, the channel is listened to by 4.44 %.

Erzurum Regional Radio

It became a provincial radio with 1 kW on 15 December 1960 and a regional radio with a 100 kW receiver on 7 May 1967. It was linked to the RADIO 1 national network on 1 January 1975. Regional broadcasts started as of 1 January 1990. It has been completely regional and live between 06.00-18.00 since 29 January 2001 and in joint broadcast with RADIO 4 between 18.00-06.00.
According to the December 2004 opinion poll results on the Erzurum Regional Radio, the channel ranked third among 51 regional radios, with 8.5%.

GAP Diyarbakır Radio

It became a provincial radio with 2 kW in 1964 and a regional radio with a 300 kW receiver on 8 November 1968. It was linked to the RADIO 1 national network on 1 January 1975. Regional broadcasts started as of 2 October 1989. The GAP radio came into life on 15 April 1991. It’s been broadcasting with the name GAP-Diyarbakır radio since 1 January 1997. It has been completely regional and live between 06.00-18.00 since 29 January 2001 and in joint broadcast with RADIO 4 between 18.00-06.00.
According to the March 2005 opinion poll carried out in Diyarbakır, Şanlıurfa, Elazığ, Malatya, Mardin, Gaziantep and counties linked to these cities, the channel is listened to by 13.14 %.

Trabzon Regional Radio

It became a provincial radio with 2 kW on 1 December 1968 and a regional radio with a 300 kW receiver on 1 December 1978. Regional broadcasts started on 6 January 1992. It was linked to the RADIO 1 national network on 29 January 2001. It has been completely regional and live between 06.00-18.00 since 29 January 2001; and in joint-broadcast with RADIO 4 between 18.00-06.00.
According to the May 2005 opinion poll carried out by the Karadeniz Technical University and the TRT, the channel is listened to by 13 %.
 

Further information on TRT Radio can be found at: ( http://trt.net.tr/Radyo/RadyoAnasayfa.aspx)

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